The history of hydroponics beginning with the formation of hydroponics as the first main civilizations. The Hieroglyphic records demonstrated that the early Egyptians were the first people who attempted to grow the plants in the soil-less environment. There are also suspect which the Babylonians hanging Gardens might have used the primitive hydroponic technology. It is believed that Roman Emperor Tiberius used the hydroponic methods to grow the cucumbers out of season. But once these early experiments were carried out, there is some evidence which any major civilization to grow hydroponic for over the thousand years.
Significant development of hydroponics that occurred next in Europe in the 17th century was where the greenhouses started to be used regularly to grow vegetables and plants. At that time, John Woodward, the British naturalist began to experiment with growing the spearmint without using soil. He revealed that these plants could be managed to grow stronger and more significant than those that grew through more using the traditional ways. In the mid-19 century, laboratory techniques required to produce the plants hydroponically were developed further in Germany.
The United States’ growers in the early 20th century began to examine the likelihood of using hydroponic techniques. Typical greenhouses need the best way of costly maintenance since the soil was to be replaced regularly and many growers saw the hydroponics like the feasible way of getting the benefits of the greenhouse growing without any cost. In 1925 to 1935, many organizations of American made substantial strides in hydroponics technology.
The methods which were required for the large scale growing of hydroponic and replacing the entire soil in accord with the nutrient solution developed because of different agricultural experiment stations. It was at that this time when William Frederick Gericke who was a professor of California Berkeley University coined “hydroponics.” Frederick Gericke also became well-known because of using the hydroponic method to grow in his backyard the sized tomatoes.
The United States began to explore and experiment with real applications of the hydroponics during Second World War. The challenge was for Pentagon to supply food to the servicemen who were stationed in Pacific Theatre as this was where difficulty came in to ship the food and to grow crops on rocky islands. This problem was solved by the government by applying the hydroponic techniques of producing food for the sailors and soldiers.
Since hydroponic systems were proved of being expensive during that time, many large-scale plans were abandoned. Though, in the 60s and 70s, interest was improved when commercial plastics promised the advances of cutting down the hydroponics cost considerably. In the growing beds and greenhouses, plastics were allowed to create the plastic drippers. This was the time when the functional hydroponic larger scale gardens came into reality, with the appearance of hydroponic greenhouses in the California deserts, Middle East and Arizona.
Nowadays, hydroponics is conventional to produce, healthier, more significant, flavorful food in large scale, and also the household hobby. The simple hydroponic systems will assist people to grow vegetables, herbs, or flowers in their basement, in their kitchen counter or large closet.